Marine engineering or naval architecture involves the design, construction and maintenance of ships, containers and other related equipment. Marine engineers typically design and manage the construction of everything from submarines and tankers to aircraft carriers and passenger ships. They are responsible for selecting the ship’s machinery, deigning the control systems inside the vessel, and sometimes have to serve aboard the ship to operate and maintain the systems.
A marine engineering technology programme is for you if you are good at solving and fixing things, and would enjoy a life at sea. You must ensure that you select a programme that is accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET). College in the U.S, Australia and UK offer accredited programmes both at the bachelor’s as well as the master’s level.
A degree in marine engineering or naval architecture typically covers areas of study including marine math, engineering, machinery and propulsion system. The programmes combine theory with practical shipboard experience. Admission requirements for undergraduate degrees in the subject include a high school education with particular focus on maths, science and information technology. To get admitted to a master’s degree, you must have completed a mechanical engineering degree.
You can either choose to study at a university offering marine engineering programmes, or at specialist institutes such as the Australian Maritime College that offers studies in maritime related courses. You can enhance your employability by making use of the internship opportunities and co-op programmes that most colleges abroad offer.
As a marine engineering graduate, you will have plenty of work opportunities both in India and abroad. Government sector organisations such as the National Institute of Ocean Technology and many private shipping companies recruit marine engineers and naval architects. High remunerations are offered in the private sector abroad, but this depends on where you studied and work experience. There is a high demand for trained professionals in this field as few students choose to pursue this subject.
If you are more interested in the management side of things, maritime and logistics management might be a better choice. Graduate certificates and MBA degrees are available in the areas of Maritime management. Graduates of these programmes can look forward to being offered senior management positions in the transport, maritime and logistics industries; ports and terminals management; importing and exporting; and operational planning and management.
For more exciting courses please visit www.uniguru.co.in
The Indian job scene is booming. And with the age of pre-placement offers setting in, the day has come when you can get a high paying job even before you step out of college.
Money control gives you a lowdown on the career options that’ll pay you the best.
The most sought after Master in Business Administration is one of the top-paying careers today. And if you’re a student from an ‘A’ grade institution such as the Indian Institutes of Management, easily expect Rs 750,000 to Rs 800,000 per annum as a fresher.
Varda Pendse, director of Cerebrus Consultants says that the entry-level salary is expected to go up even more. Also salaries differ according to the industry. “Today, the finance sector offers huge sums and has crossed the earlier darling of MBAs – the FMCG sector.”
Software engineers come a close second thanks to the IT boom. But then most other disciplines of engineering fall short. Pendse says “Talking about the salary for mechanical, chemical or electronic engineers, generally it’s the information technology sector that commands the most and in case of others it is generally 20 per cent lower than the salaries offered by IT sector,”
Nature of employer
|Salary per annun
(in Rs lakh)
|MBA||A GradeB Grade||Rs 6.5 to Rs 7Rs 5 to Rs 6.5|
|Software Engineer||A GradeB Grade||Rs 4 to Rs 5Rs 3 to Rs 4|
|Rs 3 to Rs 4|
|CA||CA firms||Rs 1.5 to Rs 3|
|Consultancy firms||Rs 2.3 to Rs 5|
|Banks||Rs 1.5 to Rs 3.5|
|Companies||Rs 2 to Rs 3.5|
|Doctor||Rs 2.5 to Rs 3|
|Journalist||Rs 1 to Rs 2.5|
|Advertising||Rs 1.5 to Rs 2|
|Public Relations||Rs 2 to Rs 2.5|
|Architects||Rs 3 to Rs 3.5|
Next to that would be chartered accountants who are also in big demand due to limited supply. Asserts Pendse said “If a student has passed out in the first attempt, he can easily get a salary of about Rs 750,000 – 800,000 per annum comparable with MBAs.”
For nobler professions like doctors and dentistry, where personalized service is important, it’s your skill that determines your income. Opines Pendse, “For professions as these, experience is like an investment. The more experienced you are, the more you get paid.”
Today journalism is the buzzword. It’s a discipline that promises glamour and power and there are several institutions offering courses in mass communication. So if you’ve got the nose for news you can create brand equity for yourself, which can easily translate into a pay packet of your choice.
Apart from fashion designing, merchandising are yet some of the other creative fields that most of the younger lot opt for. Pendse says, “Creative fields as these are still unorganized and are more individualistic. Famous designers recruit fresh graduates and pay them a salary that could be as low as Rs 3,000 per month.
“But an experience with them, is an investment in itself.
However, if you join as a merchandiser in any retail outlet like Pantaloon or Globus, expect a remuneration of about Rs 250,000 to Rs 300,000 per annum.
Parveen Shaikh, head psychologist, YoungBuzz India Ltd, says, “If you branch out on your own later on, you could earn anything between Rs 1,000 to Rs 500,000 or more for a single dress.”
Of course, if you become a marquee designer and are lucky enough to go international, you could for a single creation, quite literally ask for the moon.
Pendse advices, “While money is important, do not give more importance to compensation than your interest. Know your strengths and competency before joining any place. Also, while the salary may be unattractive today, it could reach a new high tomorrow.
“For instance in the broking industry if you’re employed with Sharekhan or Indiabulls the starting salary is no doubt low but in the long term it may grow three levels higher compared to anywhere else. Higher level of respect and designation are two other important things, you need to look for.”
So what are the ideal factors to consider?
Before you make a choice analyze what is it that you would like to do, in short your area of interest.
According to Shaikh ideally, make a choice of career on the basis of the following:
Step 1: Assess your true abilities, interest and personality either yourself or by visiting a career-counseling centre.
Step 2: Based on your interests make a primary list of careers. See to it that these careers are in sync with your personality and abilities
Step 3: Now explore all the careers in your primary list. Get to know more about the job profiles, requirements, prospects, how to develop your career, a typical day in the life of the professional among others.
Step 4: Once you’re done with the above, pick the one that suits you the most.
Most job seekers feel understandably anxious, embarrassed and uncomfortable when the time comes to discuss salaries. Advice such as “never bring up the issue of salary, let the interviewer say it first,” is rarely helpful if you don’t have any idea of how to respond when the topic does come up.
The Top Twelve Tips to Negotiating Salary in an Interview:
Be prepared. Before going to the interview, it’s crucial to research the company and salary range for the position you are applying for persons with your background and experience. Have a salary range in mind and be prepared to discuss these figures once salary negotiation has come up.
Know your absolute bottom line. Know what your minimum salary range must be to support the life you want to live. So decide, before you go into an interview, what salary you want to earn, what you need to live on, and what you will be willing to settle for.
Market yourself. Emphasise the reasons you should get the offer. Document your skills and accomplishments, and be prepared to talk about them.
Never discuss salary until you have a job offer. If you do, you could price yourself out of a job before the employer is convinced they need you. If pressed by the interviewers, tell them you’re flexible and would be happy to discuss salary when you learn more about the job.
Get the employer to disclose salary before you do. Don’t be the first to mention salary during the interview. Let the employer bring it up as many times as necessary until you feel ready.
When questioned about desired salary, the best response is one that returns the employer’s ball back into his court: You can say, “what kind of salary range are you working with?” or “Well, I’d like to make as much as other employees with my qualifications.” or “What is a typical salary for this position?” Another strategy is to avoid a specific salary and name a pay range instead. Say: “I was thinking of a salary in the £25,000 to £35,000 range.”
Do not disclose past salary. Once your past salary is on the table, your negotiating edge goes out the window. By not disclosing exactly what your current salary is or exactly what it would take to get you to leave your current job, you’ll force a potential employer to make its best offer.
Don’t forget the value of benefits and perks when negotiating a salary. Sometimes the salary offered may seem low, low enough for you to turn down the job. Benefits and perks can add up to 40 percent to your basic salary. Some benefits are fixed, but others are negotiable such as stock options, bonuses, employee discounts, training, holiday time and sick leave.
Make your salary discussion a friendly experience. Be amicable when discussing salary. You should make the employer feel that you are on the same side and working together to find a package that would satisfy everyone’s needs.
Don’t say yes to an offer right away. Be enthusiastic and appreciative when you get the job offer, but ask for at least 24 hours to respond. This gives you time to get over your initial joy at being selected. If you feel the salary is insufficient, express your concern to the employer when asking for time to consider the offer. You’ll find out right away whether the salary quoted is set in stone or is flexible.
Get it in writing. Once you have accepted a job offer and salary level, be sure to get it in writing.
Declining an offer. If you decide not to accept the offer, make sure you leave on the best of terms. Treat every offer seriously and graciously. You can never tell who you may be doing business with in the future so don’t burn any bridges.
Never underestimate the importance of negotiating salary in an interview. Employers tend to prefer those candidates who already earn a greater income. While these candidates cost more to employ, their higher incoming salaries are assumed to reflect greater competence, initiative and achievement. So it’s in your interest to pursue income increases at every legitimate opportunity.
Advices for Creating a Career That Lights Your Fire
Do you ever get inspired about a particular thing that the energy it produces just seems to pull you along? Create the feeling that your daily work. It’s possible. What’s more, Here is a Passion best to help you start go into your passions and find ways, is it big or small, to combine them into your life.
Get to know better about yourself
Before you hit in pursuing of a career which really lights your fire, take your own time to do some self-survey. Maintain a list of the things in your life – from childhood till now which you really enjoyed. It could be work or play, etc. Once you get the list prepared, pick out one and start find out into the reasons. Get further what you love doing, and analyze the basic characteristics. Take it as recognizing your passion’s building blocks. The word WHY is a very effective things for your explorations. Take it appropriately both.
When you have the visions of what lights your fire, brainstorm ways you could include them into your life. Note them down in a notepad to record your inspiration. Have an analyzing session with friends. After all, be creative. Don’t enclose yourself to the logical and sound mind. You never know what stupid idea is going to fire the Big One.
once you start identifying the things you think you might be interested in, search for the people who are educated in that particular area and ask them. Describe you are analyzing your options. You will get some different awareness if you make this a habit, not to notify making some great contacts along the way.
The scared of jumping into the deep end of the passion pool holds several people from swimming. Bear in mind that there is a shallow end of the pool. It may not be genuine to jump into the deep end right away, but you can still enjoy the water. Look for umbrella steps also known as baby steps you can take which begin your passion into your life. Always focus on a long-term career goal, but do something to build your passion in small measures along the way.
Recognize your problems
what troubles you get in your way? List it out. Possibly they are real – financial problems like loans or may be the need for other training. It can also be personal. Different reasons which stop you, we all have a problems and excuses. Finding out your weakness is the first step in taking their power away.
Create a Passion Search
Many people followed their dream, the most commonly refer to success aspect is the back up of the people around them. Now Create a Passion Search to help you in your tracking. Friends, family, and colleagues can all be a great source of support as you start your journey. It can be a simple and casual support network.
Check your definitions of success and failure again and again
what is your definition of success? Our culture places a lot of importance actual achievement, status, etc. Unluckily, this gets in the other way of real happiness for many people, who prefer to stay on the treadmill in searching of that version of success.
Maybe you are not in a state to change that definition of success. It’s fine. Rather, try recognizing one or two less common ways of identifying “success” – ones which is from the real heart and the other is trying to move towards them as well.
Propose a plan
Figure out your Passion Pursuit. If it is a high level overview or a loose action plan depend on you – you know how you work best. Propose a plan will force you to think things through. It will also suggest you those fussy next steps when you are feeling dull or lost.
The truth is that the time will never be right. Something is always going to be less than best. Keep that in mind, don’t wait! Do now which will move and take you toward your passion. What can you do right away which will start the ball rolling? They don’t need to be earth-crashing; they just need to happen something.
Entrust it to make it happen
Feel open to say, “I am going to do this.” Make it clear to yourself and to friends. Put it in writing and keep it where you can easily see. Once it’s out then it will have room to grow. And that is what you exactly want!
Career management is the lifetime process of investment source to reach your goals. It is not a singular event but an ongoing process that is an essential for adjusting the change demands in this Century economy.
If we are in the early stage of our work life, we have most likely heard this particular term “career management”. We have also heard that that we need to be responsible for our careers. But we may not have been told about what is career management all about. Career management uses theories like to good financial management. A helpful instruction not to forget is that a disciplined investing, keep on a regular basis bears a greater return. Though the concepts may change, career management aims on two key investment assets to manage all through the year, our personal lifetime learning and our network of relationships.
It is frequently astonishing to comprehend how much of our daily work is now based on technology. Computers and other scientific advancements have completely changed the way we conduct the work. Still more surprising is the realization that there are more scientists still alive today than ever before and the projected rate of change will rise tenfold in future generations. The results of these advancements and innovations will flow speedily through the economy, many businesses. How good are we able to adjust to these continuing innovations will be directly related to how up-to-date we keep our knowledge and skills? Think how to adjust your investments from time to time, energy and resources including certificated coursework, topical courses for certificates, joining cutting edge projects, attentive in any conferences, or stay update in professional reading.
Network of Relationships
As we have touched to an information and service economy, relationships have also become more and more serious asset. Not only our relationships help us achieve our daily tasks with colleagues, vendors, customers and competitors, these relationships will be the source of information about how fields and industries are emerging. We also have relationships outside our work environments that may be connected with our hobbies, children, and spiritual or community networks. These personal and professional relationships will exceed particular companies, industries and communities. How we cooperate, respond and connect in all our relationships will blow our present act and future chances. Small accomplished in privacy. Networking finds out more than 75% of current job openings.
Knowing how to build good relationships is very important. These developed in applying communication courses, mastering contact management software, good listening and real desire to get to know people better.
Lifetime learning and relationship management develop the setting of effective career management. Make a vision and plan are also important to guide the informed investment decisions and establishing yearly goals. The career vision we set up should be wide enough to be adaptable, but detail enough to be actionable. This career vision, created on a profile of our different traits, directs our choices to improve what we require to get satisfaction and be able to successfully pay in special work environments over the years. To keep up the flexibility and employability, habitually recognition the yearly learning goals are the major keys to productive career management.
Student who have finished their class 12th in Science subject have wide scopes – Dental, Agriculture, Engineering etc.
Students of biology, chemistry, physics subjects can give their Entrance exams. MBBS, BDS, B.Pharm, B.Sc Nursing, Agriculture, Veterinary science, and other different courses which is require single entrance exam.
Nursing – It is a profession with commitment and hard work. There are good opportunities to get into these jobs in foreign countries. It is a four years course. After passing 12th standard with Biology, physics, Chemistry, one can go for the entrance exam.
Course in Pharmacy and Medical lab technology: Student who passed 12th with biology, physics and chemistry can go for diploma courses in Medical lab technology, Radiological technology, Ophthalmic assistants.
There are other certificate courses like dental mechanics certificate, dental hygienist certificate and other. Common exam conducted by Medical Education director has to be qualified for this.
Other courses are Physiotherapy: Physical medicine and rehabilitation, occupational therapy, speech therapy and odiology and others. Physiotherapy graduation can be done from School of medical education. Students, who are coming through medical PG entrance, can go for Physical M.D Veterinary Science. Almost all the Agricultural Universities will have courses in Agriculture, fisheries, forestry, etc. But most of all there is high demand for veterinary science.
Ayurvedha: There is high demand for Ayurvedic Doctors Homeopathy: by qualifying all India entrance exam.
IIT (Indian Institute of Technology): Selections depends on All India Entrance Exam.
JEE: Joint Entrance Examination. Special Engineering courses especially Aerospace, Ceramics, Metallurgy, Petroleum and Textile are available.
Architecture: Admission depends on Engineering Entrance with Physics, Math’s and Chemistry subjects. It is a 5 years.
With the world financial problems having a drop down blow on the global economy, the job market also has been low. In such an environment, it is even more essential for candidates to do well in campus interviews to take hold of the jobs they desire.
And being fit (mentally) and attentive is essential to be able to perform well in the interviews. It will also mean that you will be mentally prepared to handle interviews within a very short notice periods.
Things to remember
- Make sure that the resume/cv has been checked and is written in such a way which is easy to read. Highlight your skills and experience appropriate to the job.
- Interview is a means of testing whether you fit the job for the company.
- Understand yourself, inside out. Only when you know yourself entirely you can make other understand you.
- Take time to understand how you want to protect yourself during the interview.
- All the things you say make an impression is it positive or negative. The way you sit, talk or your choice of dressing. Everything matters!
- Keep in mind that an Interview is like a sales place in many ways. So make sure that you present yourself well.
Preparing for the unexpected
In some interviews you may be asked to solve a case-study. You can be asked to give an unprepared presentation. Everything happens, be mentally prepared for any results. These situations give the panel a chance to charge how you behave in unexpected situations. They just want to get to know the real You. They want to find out if you can handle the job, if you are interested in the business and if you are the person they want to have during tough and stressful times. Be calm, remain positive and think logically.
Before the interview
Do a Research of the company
Being well informed about the company and industry provides you with a competitive side. It also carries a clear message to the interviewer and that is:
- You are career concerned with and want to build a career within the industry
- You understand the details of the industry
- You are enthusiastically interested in working for the corporation
Read more about the company. Talk to people who are in the company to get a first hand feel about what drives the company and the industry.
The first impression is made in the first few minutes and is very important for a successful interview. Most employers prefer candidates wearing formal dress. Dress simple and neat. It is better to be traditional in choosing clothes. Avoid glitzy clothes or strong perfumes. Jewellery should be avoided.
Keep ready your clothes ironed, polished shoes so that you do not waste time in selecting a dress on the day of the interview. Also get proper haircut. Trim your nails. Always remember, a professional look is the first step to make the first impression.
The interview tool-kit
Before the interview day, collect all the required documents like extra copies of your resume, letters of reference, certificates, other important documents, copies of your passport size photographs, a writing pad and a pen.
Make sure that you sleep well in the night before the interview day. Only when you are relaxed you can do well.
During the Interview
2. Don’t forget to switch off your mobile phone
3. Eye contact gives confidence
4. Introduce yourself clearly
5. Smile at the right times
6. Don’t try to answer what you don’t know. Take time to understand the question and then answer it. It is not how fast you answer but how well you answer
7. Be expressive, talk stiffly and slowly. Avoid mumbling, stammering or chanting
8. Keep the answers to the point.
9. Be straightforward and direct. Don’t beat around the bush
10. Avoid lie in an interview
11. Never blame anyone during the interview
12. Never dispute, always give polite responses
13. Be frank. If you do not know the answer admit it
At the end of the interview
Usually, the panel will show in the end of the interview by asking: Do you have any questions for us? Take this opportunity to ask intelligent and appropriate questions, to review your skills & experiences related to the job and show your interest in the job.
It is important to be confident in an interview. Make sure that you take the time to understand what they are looking for by asking the question. Study the important topics before the interview.
Always remember why you want to go into this particular industry it can be Telecom, Banking, Auto, etc., why you are interested in the job and the company. Ensure you have a good understand of the basic concepts and convince them that you have the ability and interest to learn the more about the job.
Lastly, make sure that you dress and act professionally. Be on time and make eye contact during the interview.
Complicated figure is the value we should really pay for success. You really can achieve anything if you really concerning and ready to pay the price. To be success in the MBA Entrance Exam in India is not an easy thing. It requires detailed knowledge, logical mind, sharp memory and most of all, systematic planning and preparation.
As the competition is amongst all reasonably available talent from all disciplines, careful and long term preparation are also needed to buy admitted at the MBA program. But the syllabus during the admission/entrance check vary from one another, there also are sure typical outlooks which seem in most of the entrance check, CAT, XAT, MAT, XLRI, SNAP and MBA Entrance Exams conducted by State Universities in single make or the other. These outlooks including tests on quantitative aptitude, reasoning, intelligence, understanding, argument research, relationships, word power, synonyms, antonyms, general knowledge as well as awareness. So, it is very important that the candidates start preparing well during advance on each one the above features. If one is in a position to buy hold of previous year’s papers it might go a long way in guiding the applicants to prepare properly for the test.
Here are some guidelines to prepare which are also typical to the widely held of the MBA entrance examinations during India:
General Awareness: Since the name suggest, the check of general awareness focus on evaluating the general knowledge of the applicants
Logical Reasoning: Questions on analytical reasoning can be of different types also in many forms including a statement on which the candidates also are asked to draw exact interfering out of the given calls. There can be questions on progression of words and figures, arranging alphabets, brain teasers or even such queries because best decision for drawing analytical inferences.
Comprehension Test: Comprehension test is directed at evaluating English language by the applicants. Usually, a paragraph is given which the candidates are also needed to go through exactly and then reply the question by choosing the correct answer.
Quantitative Aptitude: A candidate looking for admission to MBA Programs is expected to experience aptitude for basic and standard accounting as the ability of solving the simple arithmetic difficulties. During the admission/entrance test if it is not fully ready and hard practiced, it is probable putting the candidate ahead of others. There may also be several types of questions that can also create an element of quantitative aptitude test.
Leadership is a way of attention and motivates the group/team to make them possible to reach their goals. It may includes being liable and responsible for the group/team as a whole.
A true leader should:
- provide stability and trust
- be flexible in changes of direction
Well, a leader should always be a step ahead of the team, but not too far to be able to understand and follow them.
Leaders must have a wide range of skills, techniques and policies that include:
- Communication skills
- Awareness of the large environment in which the team works.
Different Ideas of Leadership
There is an argument whether leadership should be focused in one person or distributed among the team.
Usually, a permanent team leader would be chosen by more senior levels of management. This system depend on the idea that one single person has all the strengths which is required for a leader.
Then again, it has been argued that “on the best teams, taking charge in areas where they have specific strengths. No one is a permanent leader, as that person would then stop to be a equal and the team interaction would begin to break down”.
This method would get rid of the problem of a leader being cut off from his/her group.
It must be accentuated; yet, the stability and concentration of the group must not be lost. Therefore, the best things may be to have a permanent leader who is flexible enough not only to hand over the responsibility for individual tasks, but also let others take leadership of the team as necessary.
This article is to help students in finding out which career option which is best for them. It will also help to identify your own career options in the particular organization. There are number of career options available for you based on your qualification.
When one select a career option, first thing one need to learn about several options offered according to the qualification and interest. Today there are many opportunities which are available. Though, it is important to select best possible option among all options. So before one makes any conclusion, it is very important to be aware about many career options one can go for.
You should decide on your career depend to your interest and qualification as you will enjoy your work. It is also important to identify your strength and weakness to open the door to different opportunities. Using several tests, one can define your skill and interests and find a career option appropriately for you.
Choosing a Career
While choosing your career options, take into account your skills, interests and weaknesses. You should also see the scope and demand of that particular field as job outlooks play a vital role in selecting the options. If you choose a career which is more in demand, there are good chances in getting a good job.
Also Advertising, Architecture, CA (Chartered Accountancy), Engineering, HR (Human Resources), IT (Information Technology), Journalism, Medical, MBA, are among the highly paid salary career options. There are also other different career options which such as Aviation, Administrative Services, Automotive, Art, Pharmacy, Biotechnology, Bio-informatics, Economy, Fashion Designing, Law, Music, Physical Education, Retail, Research & Development and Sports.
While you explore career options, you must study in further detail about the nature of work, responsibility which is assigned to you, your roles and also the type of training that you need to take your career path according.
When you are looking for career options, do think about your personality traits, and extracurricular activities along with the interests, skills, hobbies.
List of Career Options
First and foremost thing you need to do is making a list of the career options which best suited with your interests and strengths. If we check around, we find that there are thousands of different professions and you have not checked all of them. If you want to do your career in research and development, then you just need to explore related to that field only.
Take advice from people from the field that you are looking for your career. And attend seminar and try to organize informational interviews with the people working in the same field. Try to know as many things as possible. There is no other option for this.
Prepare your resume. You have to finalize things soon, the early the better. Many people change their career options during their working lives. So, select your career options depend on your search and planning.